Apex Animal Hospital

Abdominal Surgeries

Exploratory Laparotomy
The exploratory laparotomy is a general procedure referring to abdominal surgery in which surgeons look at each organ looking for abnormalities that might explain a patients clinical signs.

Gastrointestinal Surgery
Pets can suffer from a wide variety of maladies involving the gastrointestinal system that require surgical intervention.  These surgeries range from foreign body removals through gastrotomy or enterotomy, to gastric dilatation and volvulus (GDV), tumor removal or biopsy, and preventative surgeries such as gastropexy (a stomach tacking procedure used to help prevent GDV).  Sometimes intestinal lesions require removing a section of the bowel in a procedure called a resection and anastomosis.

Gastric Dilatation and Volvulus (GDV)
GDV is a disease process seen primarily in deep chested dog breeds in which the stomach flips upon itself.  When the stomach flips it cuts off the blood supply to the stomach wall and prevents the movement of ingesta into the small intestines.  It is a medical emergency and, unfortunately carries a high mortality rate unless addressed immediately to prevent severe vascular abnormalities and necrosis of the stomach wall.  It requires rapid surgical invention to de-rotate the stomach. If your dog seems bloated or repeatedly retches without successful vomiting, don’t wait, call us immediately.

Liver and Gallbladder Surgery
Surgery of liver can range from tumor resections or biopsies to excision of an entire liver lobe (called a lobectomy) or removal of the gallbladder in a procedure called a cholecystectomy.

Urinary Bladder Surgery
Urinary problems are common in pets and may require surgical intervention.  Through a surgical procedure called a cystotomy, surgeons are able to open the urinary bladder and remove bladder stones or biopsy the bladder wall or masses within the urinary bladder.